Geophysics methods are frequently used in engineering studies today. Exploration, research, the discovery of petroleum, mines and similar natural resources, determination of reserve characteristics, underground and surface waters for drinking and use, geothermal energy, environmental and environmental problems and archaeological researches and all kinds of engineering structures, building location and route selection, ground and foundation studies, earthquake, natural disaster and similar subjects, within the scope of geophysical researches.
In our radar applications, it is used to determine areas that have different physical properties compared to the general environment, especially at depths close to the ground surface. Basically, the device used consists of a transmitter (Transmitter) and a receiver (Receiver) antenna and recorder.
The reflection and refraction of high-frequency waves sent into the ground are recorded and their return from the ground is recorded. Finally, the obtained data is processed with a technique similar to seismic data processing techniques to reveal the structure of the underground. The most important advantage of this method, which has become very common in our country in recent years, is access to extremely detailed information. However, as a disadvantage, it can only be used in shallow searches; because high frequencies cannot reach deep by easily attenuating in conductive environments inside the ground. Georadar applications are generally used successfully in road and railway project studies.
In our studies by applying the Magnetic Method, the magnetic field itself or its components are measured. The research called magnetic prospecting aims to determine the ground materials that show magnetic properties, that is, magnetizable. Differences in magnetic data measured at the earth’s surface are associated with changes in the distribution of materials with various magnetic susceptibility (magnetic susceptibility). The scope of evaluation of the data obtained from these studies is quite wide.